Feminist Theory-History of Woman’s Suffrage

The topic of women suffrage has interested many writers and researchers due to its broadness and the mixed reactions it elicits. Many authors, including Jennifer Borda and Ann Gordon, have focused on the concept of progress due to the traditional societal and political set-ups to the current world. Some of the researchers claim that struggle for women suffrage originated in the United States while some claim that the struggle was ongoing in other countries. However, as much as many authors analyze the beginning and progress of the struggle, varied findings on the effectiveness of the global struggles are evident in their works.

The Women Suffrage Parades of 1910-1913: Possibilities and Limitations of an Early Feminist Rhetorical Strategy by Borda, Jennifer L.

The article was written by Jennifer Borda mainly focuses on the mixed reactions caused by the introduction of annual parades for movements that advocated for women political rights in the United States. The parades were a success in seeking the audience for women arguments but they posed a challenge for suffragists in their efforts aimed at controlling the image of the movements and that of the members (Borda, 2011, p. 213-218). The mixed implications of the parades had a great impact on the shaping up of gender politics in the early 20th century. The writer’s main argument is that repeated annual parades resulted into a huge participation in making the public accept votes of women.

The information contained in the journal article was edited in 2011making it relevant for the current educationists and readers. The article is also relevant because it contains information on how women suffrage progressed over the years and Internet links are available for clearer information. The article’s author stands out as a distinguished author and an activist for women rights making the information contained the article authoritative. The article’s information is well cited and its main purpose is to show how annual parades on women suffrage movements shaped the political arenas at the time by adequately covering the impacts of the parades.


Generally, Jennifer Borda’s journal article has adequate information that is required to understand women suffrage especially in the United States of America and how the political set up was triggered by annual parades of the women movements (Borda, 2011, p. 217-218). The source differs from others because it is a general description of women struggles in politics. The author’s purpose is to assert her perspective on mixed impacts of annual parades women suffragists’ movement.

The New U.S. Women Suffrage History by Gordon, Ann D

Ann D Gordon mainly concentrates on women struggles during the 19th century. Her article portrays the Senate as inconsistent in advocating for women suffrage. The article describes how women rights activists struggled to convince the Senate to change voting rules and include women (Gordon, 1998, p. 206-213). The writer portrays the struggle by the use of sources written by activists such as Schwalm and Suzanne Marilley (Gordon, 1998, p. 205). The main argument of the article is that the traditional political systems did not last because they did not recognize rights for all.

The article is both relevant and authoritative as it contains information that is up to date since it was updated in 2013. The article emphasizes on women suffrage by the use of three different dimensions as applied by different authors and activists. The writer uses other writers and activists’works to explain the main point. The purpose of the article is to show how different writers use different angles to cover the same topic to widen the scope of the knowledge by the use of such authors as Schwalm and Suzanne Marilley (Gordon, 1998, p. 207-212).

The source fits in the research on women suffrage well because it provides three main dimensions of looking at the political changes that happened during the fight for women suffrage. The article differs from other sources because it concentrates on narrating the policies of other activists and not giving opinions.

Performing the Women Question: The Emergence of Anti-Suffrage Drama by Dassori, Emma.

Emma Dassori concentrates on how entertainment advocated for women rights (Emma, 2005, p. 212-217). The idea of using art and entertainment for the campaign came from charades parlor games that created Charades in Action which was a form of entertainment. The writer’s main argument is that changing the public’s perception on women rights in politics was a tough task but entertainment helped change the public view.

The article was published in 2009 and updated in 2010, therefore, it is reasonably updated. The information relates well to the topic in the discussion because it focuses on the role played by entertainment in advocating for women suffrage and therefore, forming a good citation. The article was published by the University of Rhode Island, English Department and written by a well-versed author in literature. The information contained is accurate with references and no writing errors.

The article perfectly fits into the research on women suffrage because it concentrates on the different ways artists and entertainers used their know-how to pass their message of gender political equality (Emma, 2005, p. 219). The content is unique because it concentrates on entertainment as a form of campaign for recognition of women rights in politics.

Winning Women Suffrage One Step at a Time: Social Movements and the Logic of the Legislative Process by King, Brayden G, Cornwall, Marie and Dahlin, Eric C.

The article is descriptive and explains the legislative logic based on observation. It states that the legislative process has stages and as the process moves from one stage to another, the rules become more stringent and consequential. The logic shows how social movements should influence the legislative process by indicating that they normally have less influence on later stages (King, Cornwall, &Dahlin, 2005, p. 1212-1218). In application to women suffrage legislation, the theory observes that legislators offer their support to suffragists by bringing the topic of women rights in politics on legislative forum but during the voting stage, the suffragists have no impact on the outcome. The article advocates for review in the legislative process because those implicated in the laws are not a part of the process in the later stages of lawmaking.


The article was last updated in 2012 after it had been published in 2005 and therefore offers up-to-date information on women suffrage. It is relevant because it concentrates on the same topic of women suffrage only on the part of legislation and impacts of the activists on the process. The article was published by Oxford University Press and therefore has authority. The authors, King, Brayden G, Cornwall, Marie and Dahlin, Eric C are also credible because they are affiliated with The University of Arizona, Brigham Young University and the University of Minnesota respectively. The information has no errors and it has been adequately referenced proving its accuracy. The purpose of the information is to describe the impact of social movements in the legislative process by the use of suffragists and the legislation process of women suffragists (King, Cornwall, &Dahlin, 2005, p. 1217-1222). The article provides the reader with information on the legal process that enabled women to get their political rights.

Feminism and Women Suffrage: Debate, Difference, and the Importance of Context

The article portrays how aspects of feminism affected women fight for their political rights globally. It shows how feminist activists disagreed on how to go about their campaign in terms of strategies, goals, and groupings in terms of single-sex or mixed groups. The author uses the United States and the Japanese suffragists to portray the difference (ProQuest Research Library, 2012, p. 8-11). Through the use of other scholarly information, the writer describes women suffrage struggle in different countries to show that feminism has different opinions and also derailed the campaign for recognition of women rights.

The article was published in 2012 and updated in the same year, therefore, the information contained is appropriate. The publisher is Johns Hopkins University Press, thus it shows the authority and, moreover, the link to the publisher provides all the information that is required. The information does not contain any errors and the sources are well referenced with their reviews contained in the body of the journal. The purpose of the information is to explain the sources of conflicts that occurred during the fight for women suffrage that slowed down the campaign.

The journal fits well in the research on women suffrage topic because it shows the reason for the delay in the fight for women rights and states that women were sometimes their own enemies (ProQuest Research Library, 2012, p. 7). The author bases the argument on factual instances contrary to other previous sources that use information from other authors.

Coming to Terms with Women Suffrage: The British Movement’s Significance for Broader Social Change by Englander, Susan

The author, Englander, Susan, brings in a British version of how women fought for their rights in the early 20th century. The author describes how the main organ of the movements and the militant wing complemented each other in the fight before World War I despite both being independent institutions. The article focuses on how the militant organ of women activists was instrumental in the recognition of women needs as a global challenge (Englander &Nym, 2006, p. 159-164). The main argument of the author is that the militant suffrage section provided an international link to Britain’s fight.

The article is current as it was edited in 2012 after being published in 2006. The publisher is Johns Hopkins University Press and the author, Susan Englander, is an affiliate of Stanford University thus the source is credible. The information comes from well put citations and also has no errors making it accurate. The purpose of the journal is to dispute claims that the militant division of women activists was not as active as the other activists by providing evidence that they advocated for global recognition of women rights in politics (Englander &Nym, 2006, p. 163-165). The article brings in an argumentative essay that lastly proves that the militant division was as active despite claims of the contrary by historians who only concentrated on national fights for women rights.

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Gender and Suffrage Politics: New Approaches to the History of Women’s Political Emancipation by Bader-Zaar, Birgitta

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Bader-Zaar, Birgitta focuses on the reasons why Western historians did not concentrate on women suffrage fight in China. Western historians had a reason of underexposing the suffragist fight in China in that women activists had national interests at heart because they realized the need for achieving national goals and the impact it would have to the achieving their rights meaning that it was a collective campaign not a one-gender affair (Bader-Zaar, 2011, p. 214-218).The writer of the article critiques the historians who only focused on national women suffragist campaigns instead of globalizing the issue.

The article was published in 2011 and updated in the same year and therefore is relevant and up to date. The information perfectly reflects the main topic of women suffrage and goes into details on the reason of recognition lack of women suffrage in China despite their well-organized women suffrage campaign and therefore it can be used as a citation of the topic. The publisher, Johns Hopkins University Press, is credible and the author, Birgitta Bader-Zaar, is an affiliate of the University of Vienna proving its credibility and, moreover, their contacts are well displayed in the article. The information comes from reviewed and referenced sources with a tone free of emotions and information free of errors and therefore accurate. The purpose of the article is to prove that Chinese women suffrage movements were vital and as impactful as the western movements and the writer provides evidence to support the argument from different authors (Bader-Zaar, 2011, p. 216-218). The source compliments other sources and digs deep on the Chinese movement of women suffrage to show its significance.

Feminist Theory Reader: Local and Global Perspectives by Carole McCann and Seung-Kyung Kim

The book has a unique way of analysing the perspectives of the struggle for women suffrage with a global framework that looks into all races and cultures. The book does this by analysing the works of such scholars as Chandra Talpade Mohanty and Nancy Hartsock. The book has theories of feminism that are well explained in terms of their impacts (McCann& Kim, 2013, p. 29-34). The main argument is that women suffragist campaign was global including all races and participation of all women in fighting for their rights which resulted into a global success.

It was updated in 2013 and the editors are both established associate professors which leads to the credibility of the information. The book puts the women struggle for suffrage in a global perspective and therefore relevant to the topic because it shows how national movements for female freedom elevated into global movements.

The purpose of the book is to show the connection between the national movement of women suffrage and the global aspect of the movement. The information from the book offers a relevant source not only due to updates, but also the inclusion of other scholarly works to support the ideas.

The History of Women Suffrage by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Ida Husted Harper Susan, Matilda Joslyn Gage and B. Anthony

The book is a documentation that describes women’s struggle for political recognition and incorporates all aspects in which women in the United States were condemned, the realization of their rights and the fight itself to be recognized as equal human beings. Such book is of narrative nature and claims that women fight for recognition of their rights was a struggle that had to endure a lot of hurdles and resistances before they at last won (In Stanton, 2012, p. 18-23)..

The book was updated on 2013 and therefore it has current incorporations. All the writers who edited the book were very fundamental in the fight for human rights and hold various respectable positions in organizations that cater for women welfare. They are therefore competently qualified to contribute to such a topic and this makes the book credible. The book contains accurate information on women suffrage because the sources are credible and it does not have any errors in its context. The purpose of the book is to narrate how women got their political rights after a long struggle.

The book is a relevant source of the topic because it covers almost everything about the history of human suffrage meaning it can form a part of the main references.

In summary, the authors explain their claims on whether the women suffragist struggle started in the United States and whether it had a global impact. The authors support their claims with strong evidence some even including other authors. All the authors, whatever claim they support, are convincing and they lead to many questions being raised. The authors prove that the study of the history of the struggle for human suffrage requires further extensive research.

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