Terrorism has dominated the debate in the contemporary literature of personal, societal and international security. Some scholars argue that terrorism has continued to become sophisticated as a result of globalization. Therefore, the evolution of new techniques of terrorism has affected global security significantly. Terrorists revise the previous techniques with an aim of increasing their effectiveness during wars (Baylis, Smith, & Owens, 2011). They study the counterterrorism strategies in advance and design appropriate terrorism activities that will overwhelm the strategies. In the contemporary society, countries should implement sophisticated counterterrorism strategies to safeguard their citizens. Global security should be extremely strong to counteract the new terrorist techniques that terrorists create and implement (Baylis, Smith, & Owens, 2011). This paper will consider how personal, societal, and international security has changed due to globalized terrorism.
The perspective of the world’s security underwent a significant change once the USSR collapsed. This is because organizations and subgroups have been able to obtain weapons of mass destruction, including the nuclear bombs. Traditionally, international security was strong because of the military force between states (Baylis, Smith, & Owens, 2011). The nature of security started undergoing change since organizations and subgroups acquired the weapons of mass destruction, which raised the question on who should be secure, international threats’ nature, and the reactions that should manage terrorist threats. Therefore, international security, the security of individuals, and security of the entire society deteriorated due to the acquisition of nuclear bombs, as well as the acquisition of knowledge and skills for manufacturing nuclear bombs and other weapons of mass destruction.
Currently, international borders do not control terrorist activities because the weapons of mass destruction have proliferated. Therefore, the personal, societal, and international security have experienced a significant problem. Terrorist activities have been common across the world, including the terrorist attacks in September 2001, which raised awareness in the United States and the rest of the world (Harvey, 2004). Terrorist groups carry out their operations in secrecy, typically using small groups of civilians, who attach various targets even when the targets are under tight security. The civilians may enter the public buildings with the weapons of mass destructions in a manner that the security guards might not be aware. Terrorists are not like the traditional insurgencies or guerilla armies because they do not defend any population (Holland, 2012). Terrorist activities affect both the target population and innocent civilians who are close to the target population. Looming terrorist attacks may not undergo detection and the counterattack efforts cannot lead to deterrence.
The terrorist attacks that took place in September 2001 made many countries across the world to consider international security from different perspectives. It has been clear that the international terrorism can pose grave dangers both to the military populations and the innocent civilians. The terrorist events of September 2001 depicted that the terrorist attacks were extremely unique because the number of casualties was significant; everyday objects, such as the jetliners, could be useful to terrorists as the deadly weapons; goals of the terrorist involve seeking maximum damage to induce widespread fear; and the terrorist attacks lead to the mobilization of resources to the United States homeland security (Holland, 2012). The budget of the United States Department of Homeland Security increased since the September 2001 terrorist attacks took place. The United States and other countries across the world developed preemptive national strategies for counteracting terrorism. Therefore, security has changed because of the link between the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and international terrorism (Busch & Joyner, 2009).
In conclusion, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including the atomic bombs, has led to insecurity due to a high frequency of terrorist attacks. The September 2001 terrorist attacks raised awareness within the United States and other countries about the impacts of the international terrorist, based on the degree of destruction and unique terrorist strategies that terrorist can use (Harvey, 2004). Therefore, the nature of global security changed significantly with the aim of combating international terrorism.
- Baylis, J., Smith, S., & Owens, P. (2011). The globalization of world politics: an introduction to international relations (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Busch, N. E., & Joyner, D. (2009). Combating weapons of mass destruction: the future of international nonproliferation policy. Athens: University of Georgia Press.
- Harvey, F. P. (2004). Smoke and mirrors: globalized terrorism and the illusion of multilateral security. Toronto [etc.: University of Toronto Press.
- Holland, J. (2012). Selling the war on terror foreign policy discourses after 9/11. New York: Routledge.