Higher education describes any form of education offered to students after successful graduation from high school. In most cases, tuition fee for higher accomplishments is usually extremely expensive. In addition to those, students are expected to meet their boarding fees, transport, and any other expenses they need. If to sum up all the charges, the cost of higher education turns out to be too high for some students to afford. To make the situation easier, the governments of some countries have decided to aid the young learners by paying a part of their tuition fees. This move makes sure that a student who wants to study cannot use the high cost of his or her education as an excuse for not going to school. In Canada, the government pays a portion of the tuition fees for the student while he or she pays the rest. If the government decides to pay the full amount, then the quality of delivered education will decrease, and if the students are left to care for the whole amount, then education will be too expensive to be afforded by most of the young learners.
Universities are educational institutions that serve various other purposes apart from providing a higher level of teaching. Figuratively, they hold mirrors to the society such that people see themselves in a long-term perspective (Amaral, Jones, & Karseth, 2002). Universities conduct research in many sectors such as the social sciences, engineering, technology, and the medicine among others. Due to this research, it is easier to reach various social benefits such as creativity, innovation, gaining new knowledge about specific areas, and advancements in different fields. Therefore, all the expenditure of the universities cannot be attributed to providing higher education alone. In determining the cost of accomplishment for each student, various methods are used including the level of the course, the faculty, and the mode of delivery of the information (distance or full-time education). Students in universities pay for the knowledge that they receive in two ways. The first one is covering the tuition fees by enrolling in their institutions. The second way is through increased taxes after they have graduated from school. To accurately consider how the tuition fees should be paid, both ways need to be considered.
One of the hindrances of university education is its cost. It is not fair to hamper willing students to continue their learning process due to this reason. It means that only people from privileged families can go to academic establishments, unlike their counterparts from less wealthy families. University education is deemed costly by the number of expenses that a student faces with during this process including boarding fees, food, and transport. In order to meet all these charges, young learners have no better way out but to get part-time jobs. In this case, they waste most of their school hours. As a result, the institutions produce “half-baked” students to the various sectors of the economy. Others have to work for several years to be able to either to raise or to give back the required sum. In case the government takes covers a part of the tuition fee for each student studying in the university, the state ensures that more learners are admitted to the academic establishments. It also means that the students, who work part-time, will spend fewer hours on the jobs and dedicate more time to studying. Therefore, the sectors of the economy receive young graduates who will be able to perform the roles that their careers demand of them. Moreover, this method lessens the burden for the financially unstable students who work to raise the fees. They will not have to prefer work over school; instead, they can look for part-time jobs while studying. According to Anderson (2015), Canadian students pay less compared to those from other countries due to the subsidization of their higher education.
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In the course of the research, it is significant to examine a question when the students were left to pay the whole amount required for getting an education. From this assumption, one can say for sure that the quality of their knowledge-gaining process would decrease. The universities would not have anyone checking the quality of education that they offer to the student. It would mean that the academic establishments would not be keen to deliver their mission and vision. To prevent such a scenario, the state authorities should cover a part of the school fees, to make sure that education quality is not compromised. The government becomes a direct stakeholder in the academic sector by applying such technique. In so doing, it acts as an inspector of the universities and makes sure that the level of education remains on the quality level. In Canada, the federal government has a high prominence when it comes to higher education as shown by their actions, to the point of even challenging provincial primacy in some academic aspects (Jones, 2012).
On the other hand, the state authorities should not undertake to pay the complete tuition fee for the student because this technique would encourage laziness on the learners’ part. If students know that all their expenses are being covered, they would care less about the studies since they know that in the end, the government would pay the fees. If a particular sum is left for the student to pay, then a lot of the individual’s energy, time, and attention would be translated to studying so as to get more value for their money. This partial payment also ensures that the student learns how to be responsible. By looking for part-time jobs, a person gets prepared for the after-campus world. Therefore, this method of paying is a good way to harness the one’s independence. The learners, therefore, show that they appreciate the value of the money offered by the government. In addition, the move to study is a choice made by a student who should, therefore, be partly responsible for any costs involved.
In today’s economy, higher education is becoming an increasing necessity in the various sectors of employment. Therefore, it is critical to ensure that as many students receive a degree as possible. The main reason the government invests in education is to sustain the economy by providing a reliable workforce. After graduation, the students are employed in the various sectors of economy and help in contributing to the country’s GDP by offering services in those branches. Be it processing industries, financial markets and institutions, or in engineering and technology sectors, the employees contribute to the economic growth. After they receive income from the services they offer, their income is taxed and it serves as another source of the country’s GDP. Education is, therefore, a good investment by the government since it ensures a steady economic growth. The payment of a part of the students’ tuition fee by the state authorities is a small price to pay considering the result. According to Ivanova (2012), up-front education payment (tuition fee) should be reduced, and the funding of the education instead be got back from additional taxes that are paid by university graduates (progressive taxes should be increased). The reason for an increase in the progressive taxes is that this system is sensitive to various individual differences such as those of university graduates who earn less than high school graduates.
Consequently, a payment of the portion of tuition fees encourages free career choice. As a kid, each person has a dream that they wish will come true or a career field that they wish to specialize in. In making these choices, some factors play an important role. Assuming that a student uses a loan to cover the university education, then the question of how to pay back the debt is a primary consideration that the person has when making any career choice. Some career fields have a high social value, but their remuneration is low. These sectors include the non-profit branches or even the visual arts. With a threat of the unmanageable student loans, a career choice is, therefore, biased, leaning on careers with higher remunerations to pay off the loan. It means that fewer students will make career choices in this direction. To ensure that these choices are free of any bias and to maintain an economic equilibrium, i.e. ascertain that students do not only choose sectors of the economy with high salaries; the government needs to pay for a portion of their fees. In doing so, it eliminates or reduces the amount borrowed by students in the form of loans.
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In conclusion, the Canadian government should pay a part of university students’ tuition fees while the learners are left to pay the rest. In doing so, the state authorities make sure that there is no financial barrier preventing students from receiving knowledge thus increasing the number of those going to school. This move also ascertains that the education quality offered by universities is not compromised since the government acts as an education inspector. It is a good investment for the state authorities because economic growth is sustained by the number of students graduating from universities by serving in various sectors of the economy and paying taxes. On their part, the students should pay a small portion of the fee to nurture their responsibility level.
Amaral, A., Jones, G. A., & Karseth, B. (2002). Governing higher education: National perspectives on institutional governance, 1-20. Dordrecht Springer Netherlands
In this book, Amaral, Jones, and Karseth describe the changes that have occurred in the higher education sector in the last few decades. They explain the roles played by the institutions in respect to the political and socio-economic demand. The developments have continued without a budget increase for the higher education institutions. The society expects universities and colleges to contribute to the sustainable economic growth, function efficiently, and add to national and international trade balances. People also want them to provide high-quality education and research while adapting and responding to expectations. This book was used to support the claim that universities have various purposes they are expected to perform with the limited budget that they have. They, therefore, do not spend all their expenditure on providing higher education to students.
Ivanova, I. (2012). Paid in full update: Who pays for university education in BC? Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives,1-33.
This report examines the funding of higher educational establishments and opposes the common notion that the taxpayers heavily subsidize students. The work makes the analysis provided by Robert Allen in 1998 (of the same topic) up to date. A calculation of the students’ financial contribution towards funding higher education is done taking into account two ways. First, after graduation by increasing the progressive tax paid by graduates, and second by paying their fees at the front door. This report supports my claim that the government should subsidize tuition fees for students as an investment which they get rewards from in the future in the form of an increase in the workforce, and by the high taxes paid by graduates. The GDP of the country, therefore, grows leading to a sustainable economic growth of the country. It is, therefore, a good investment.