The Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a broad term used to define a system that helps to track and identify an object wirelessly by the usage of receiver waves. Normally, the transmitted characteristics are usually in the form of an exclusive sequential digit. Therefore, RFID is classified under the group of computerized documentation equipment. The technology is intended to provide readers with detailed information on tags and transform it into a computer structure.
RFID tags have numerous advantages. The technology has become a groundbreaking component of supply chain management. It guarantees that the needed merchandise is available in a particular place and helps to avoid any mistakes. As a result, supply chain becomes much more exact, which increases the effectiveness and reliability of the whole chain (Miles, Sarma, & Williams, 2011, p. 5). As the data provided is real-time, management and planning procedures can be considerably enhanced.
The industry of fast moving consumer goods is developing at a high speed. In this industry, merchandise needs to be periodically counted in the production process at the phases of manufacturing, washing and storing. Usually, the stated tasks are performed manually. Luckily, by employing RFID technology, merchandise can be counted instantly owing to the fact that the tags are automatically scanned since it does not have to be close to the scanner, so numerous tags can be scanned concurrently. For producers, this means reduction in costs as effort demanding tasks can be accomplished quicker and more precisely.
Moreover, to hasten identification of manufactured goods, industrialists can profit from receiving more detailed data collected with the assistance of RFID. RFID tags can retain far more data than traditional barcode labels (Kaur, Sandhu, Mohan, & Sandhu, 2011, p. 146). This can be applied to improve the process of production. Precise information on the actual whereabouts of raw materials and the period required for particular production stages can be used in effective production preparation. With the assistance of RFID, producers can also profit from improved data in relation to renovation and upkeep of their equipment and tools. The technology provides producers with important information on the equipment that has been serviced and the time spent on it. This fact aids in designing upkeep schedules. Hence, upkeep can become a part of manufacture planning and assist in avoiding expensive production breakdown. Usually, RFID used in production processes offers less physical effort, reduced expenses, enhanced visibility and development (Miles et al., 2011, p. 7).
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Tracking a huge number of manufactures is a complicated and time-consuming procedure. Nevertheless, the RFID technology applied to it simplifies the process as it improves management of the data regarding consignment movement. In most cases, read-write apparatus is placed at the entrance of a storeroom. Each load unit has RFID tags and the data concerning these tags is kept in the main computer of the storeroom. Besides, when consignment is relocated, the computer records it, forwarding the information to the backend system. This technology lets the administration center cope with the massive quantities of merchandise entering and leaving the warehouse, distinguish load and aid in locating it in the storeroom. If the read-write apparatus is used within the storeroom, all internal movements are also recorded in the system. This helps to plan placement of merchandise within the storeroom.
The data collected with the help of this technology can result in substantial development since the monitoring and management of the commodities can be completed immediately and with great precision (Choi & Chouta, 2012, p. 43). In the storeroom, merchandise is effortlessly located since its all movements are tracked, and this data is automatically recorded in the computer. Stock is precisely located, and valued data regarding losses is documented as well. Therefore, RFID in storeroom procedures offers precise and immediate data, quick merchandise location, ability to register losses, and capability to plan location of merchandise.
Globally, a common method to deliver large volumes of the load is to employ shipment containers. Such a method is mostly preferred as it guarantees safe shipping, reduced expenses, standard packaging and transport density that is rather high. Corporations that employ the RFID technology in handling shipment are capable of tracking containers at each stage of the supply chain. Tags used in RFID can be applied to track an actual location of the ships in ports. The technology has long distance of identification, which is its another advantage (Kaur et al., 2011, p. 149). Usually, in container administration and tracking, RFID provides clear tracking of load movement while increasing effectiveness and precision.
Application of RFID can also be beneficial to supply processes. The use of RFID will significantly hasten the rate of supply management, increase efficiency, and improve precision in goods distribution. It will also lessen supply expenses. When merchandise that has RFID tags enters a supply center, the RFID read-write apparatus at the entrance can record these tags, and forward the data obtained to the backend system of the center. This data can be employed to put the containers in appropriate places, classify them fast and effectively, and dispatch the boxes to the trading centers in less time with enhanced precision. Application of RFID also guarantees precise record control.
Over the past years, a number of corporations incorporating RFID technology into their supply chain has been growing, which is understandable as it offers substantial benefits to the whole supply process. Companies employing this technology may enjoy many more advantages apart from bettering identification and control of merchandise, consignments, and resources. The numerous collective benefits prove that the technology deserves to be invested in. Besides, the results can be even better if the technology is combined with radars (Kaur et al., 2011, p. 153).
Application of RFID in a library can lessen the time required for movement responsibilities as many tags can be read at a time. It can also facilitate the work of employees at the customer checkout bases. The time needed to complete a record of the library collection can be lessened as recording can be achieved with a wand reader that a personnel member uses to check the heaps of the collection. In addition to completing a record, this wand can also show if items have been shelved in the right order. Conveyor belts and organizing systems can lessen the time that is used by personnel shelving returned parts since the items can be prearranged. If such work is facilitated, personnel may be utilized more resourcefully at other stages of the working process.
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Nonetheless, even though RFID has various advantages, there still exist some disadvantages associated with the technology. The smart tag is yet to be finalized. There exist a significant percentage of tags that do not work appropriately. With RFID, there are restrictions when it comes to reading through liquid or metals. Besides, precise read rate of some objects can be low. In storerooms, nylon conveyors can interrupt the tag communications. Also, RFID technology is rather costly. Those who want to use RFID will have to furnish their storerooms and conveyance trucks with readers that have to be linked to the computer for the interchange of data (Kaur et al., 2011, p. 16). All these factors signify extra expenses associated with employing technical specialists and additional hardware.
Though the features and the environment of RFID define the suitable tag, the standards that are not completely established still leave much liberty in the choice of communication methods, as well as the format and volume of data saved in the tag. Corporations transcending a bound-circuit resolution and wishing to share their application with others may face problems as their cooperating associates need to accept the measures involving communication methods, types of signal modulation, rates of data transmission, data encrypting, and collision management procedures (Kaur et al., 2011, p. 154).
An attempt to read numerous tags simultaneously may cause the signal interruption and eventually to information loss. One of the collective distresses of corporations employing RFID currently is the fast obsolescence of the expertise, particularly given the venture expenditure. Expertise is constantly developing and new procedure ideals, quicker and more fault-resilient readers rapidly surpass their prototypes. Subject to the area of use, it may become essential to stop unsanctioned individuals from evaluating or writing information kept on or conveyed from chips. There exists possible susceptibility of contemporary RFID software if incorporated together with a backend databank. Incorrect end-of-row figures and disguised annotations can result to insecure data being inferred as SQL instructions that can execute adverse jobs on the databank content or force the system to reproduce the septic files to more chips (“RFID Technology,” 2010).
RFID has various benefits in the military. The labels document, trail, and manage the provisions and tools of a contemporary networked army. Not only does RFID expertise aid preserve trail of supplies and tools, but it also assists get vital deliveries to the combat zones at the opportune time and location and to protect provisions en route. In the army, there are several usage for RFID knowledge like resource chain organization, material tracking, and safety (“Military Orders,” 2016, p. 1). For resource chain administration, RFID assists develop asset perceptibility and the effectiveness of the massive defense ministry’s supply program. RFID expertise can help in maintaining a trace of records in actuality through the computerized recording of pieces in storerooms. For asset tracking, the expertise can be joined with mobile computing and net tools to offer means for the army to classify, track, and run their property. The move allows commanders to request components and monitor their supply to guarantee vital fragments and apparatus reach in time for engagements with the nemesis (“Military Orders,” 2016).
Laptop processors, with integrated RFID readers, eradicate filing and physical facts record. Internet-founded administration apparatuses permit the army to monitor its machinery and make choices from anyplace in the globe (Jones & Chung, 2016, p. 17). Web-based platforms now signify that third parties, like producers and contractors, can be allowed entree to keep posted asset statistics, comprising, for instance, assessment account and relocation certification virtually guaranteeing that the military constantly has precise, present information. RFID expertise can also be employed to protect supplies, machinery, and positions. Chips can be placed on vessels and warn the authorities if they are unlocked by unsanctioned persons. Besides, RFID can be used for admission regulation to classified areas and personnel tracking (“RFID in the War Zone,” 2016).
In conclusion, upon scrutinizing the benefits and drawbacks connected with the RFID expertise, it is evident that the RFID expertise has a high impact. While the knowledge is still reasonably fresh and the first venture related to the shift to RFID-centered structures is considerable, it is clear that the benefits of RFID expertise far dwarf the weaknesses in the end. As more corporations and the army embrace the application of this knowledge, its shortcomings will remain to drop and will lead to normalization within the trade. Firms and the military employing this expertise accomplish numerous optimistic developments, like reduced record reduction, and improved competence is sustaining unprecedented levels. The move results in lessened holding expenditures, and reduced work expenses related to inventory handling. Also, the technology leads to improved promptness and data allotment throughout the resource chain and augmented expertise in recalls and revenues.